The Invention And Benefits of Bio-Cellulose Masks

the invention of bio-cellulose

Before jumping into bio-cellulose, let’s first learn the history of face masks. Sheet masks (also called face masks) are face-shaped fabrics soaked in skincare serum to achieve a variety of benefits. The invention of face masks can be traced back to ancient Egypt about 2000 years ago. The royals in ancient Egypt discovered that the mixture of fruit, yogurt, flour, honey, and other nutritious ingredients could smooth skin texture and slow down the signs of aging. Throughout history, face masks have been used in many regions in the world.

However, sheet masks were invented only about 30 years ago by a Japanese scientist. This invention quickly took over the traditional mud/paste face mask due to the convenience and ease of use. People no longer need to apply masks with a tool or wash off the paste. Now there is a wide variety of sheet materials including non-woven fabric, paper, artificial fiber, silk, and gel. Even though some materials may appear similar, they can actually have a significant effect on the absorption and efficacy of the serum. Among all the mask materials, bio-cellulose is the most advanced technology. The benefits of it include the smallest fiber diameter, highest absorption, largest contact area, highest serum capacity, and deepest penetration. In other words, bio-cellulose is the most effective mask type. Here’s why:

What Is a Bio-Cellulose Mask?

Originally developed by German scientists as artificial skin for patients with burn injuries, bio-cellulose is an organic, gel-like material produced in a highly-controlled fermentation process by the bacteria Acetobacter Xylinum. The bacteria are fed with highly-nutritious coconut water with an abundance of carbon, nitrogen, minerals, and vitamins. When the conditions (such as humidity and temperature) are perfect, amino acids such as citric acid and acetic acids are organically produced, giving Acetoacter Xylinum the essential nutrients to grow, and “weave” thin sheets of natural fabric. After these sheets of bio-cellulose are formed, they are purified and cleaned. The clean sheets will be cut, inspected, packaged with serum, and they are ready to go.

Bio-Cellulose face masks are a greener alternative compared to other mask types because it’s all-natural and 100% biodegradable. It only takes weeks for our mask to degrade in soil completely. At InnoEssence, we used solar energy to produce these masks, and our factory has the US LEED environmental protection certification.

How Is Bio-Cellulose Different Than Other Masks?

Bio-Cellulose masks are the most effective compared to other materials because of these magical properties:

1. Thinnest Fiber: Bio-Cellulose has the thinnest mask fiber diameter on the market. The fibers are 350 times smaller than generic masks*, and 1000 times smaller than your hair. The ultra-thin fiber creates a fuzzy surface under the microscope, just like a gecko’s feet. The fuzz fits into all your skin texture and pores to deliver the serum deeply into the skin. The fiber diameter chart shows that other mask materials are nowhere close to bio-cellulose. Other materials are a lot rougher, which does not adhere well. When the contact area is not enough, it’s difficult for the serum to reach your skin.

mask fiber diameter. bio-cellulose has the thinnest fiber compared to all other materials.

mask fiber diameter. bio-cellulose has the thinnest fiber compared to all other materials.

2. Low evaporation: In a 30-minute serum evaporation test, we found that the serum in a non-woven mask evaporated by 27%, while the serum in a bio-cellulose mask only evaporated by 8%. Bio-cellulose retains 67% more serum from evaporation, which means that most of the serum is being absorbed into your skin.


evaporation test shows that bio cellulose prevents serum evaporation

3. Deeper Penetration: Bio-Cellulose helps the serum penetrate 53% deeper into your skin compared to generic masks*. Most skincare products only stay on the surface of the epidermis. InnoEssence’s bio-cellulose mask combined with our Nano Capsule delivery technology can help the serum go a lot deeper into the dermis layer. Once the anti-aging compound reaches the dermis, it’ll start repairing the skin from the inside out.


Penetration test shows bio-cellulose helps serum travel 53% deeper

4. Occlusive Dressing Effect: Because bio-cellulose fits the skin perfectly, active ingredients are sealed between the mask and skin. When this happens, the skin temperature increases and pores open up, forcing the serum to be actively transported into the skin. During the process, only air is fine enough to travel through the mask, providing oxygen for the skin to breathe. The occlusive dressing effect creates 10x better absorption than microfiber masks.


occlusive dressing effect of bio-cellulose masks


5. High Liquid Holding Capacity: Bio-Cellulose holds up to 100 times its dry weight. Every gram of bio-cellulose can hold up to 100 grams of serum. In our serum capacity test, the bio-cellulose mask was able to hold 19.9 grams of serum while the non-woven mask only held 14.4 grams. With almost 30% more serum, it’s no wonder bio-cellulose masks have a better anti-aging effect compared to other materials.

bio-cellulose can hold up to 10 times its dry weight

6. 100% Natural and Biodegradable: Many materials used in today’s sheet masks are not sustainable. For example, a hydrogel mask is a synthetic material consisted of polymer chains. They are not natural or biodegradable, which can cause severe environmental burdens. You can save the planet by switching to materials that can fully degrade in soil.

bio-cellulose is fully biodegradable

7. Non-Sensitizing: This material is medical-grade, perfect for those with sensitive skin. Bio-cellulose is also used in the biomedical field as artificial skin to treat burns and seal chronic wounds. 

8. Excellent Affinity: Bio-Cellulose mask attaches tightly to the skin, causing skin grooves to imprint on its surface upon contact. The chart shows the excellent affinity of the mask. After application, you can see the skin texture imprint on the bio-cellulose sheet. On the non-woven sheet, there is no change because the surface is not fine enough to fit into skin texture.

comparison of bio-cellulose and non woven

*non-woven masks.

All these benefits are why this material is used in many high-end brands and medical-grade masks. With all these benefits, you might wonder, “why aren’t we all use bio-cellulose masks?” There answer is the cost.

Why Is Bio-Cellulose Pricey?

If you have compared the prices of different mask materials, you’ve probably noticed that bio-cellulose is usually multiple times more expensive compared to other materials. As mentioned above, bio-cellulose production requires a highly controlled lab environment, a specific strange of bacteria, a nutritious food source for the bacterial, and 12-21 days of fermentation to make a single sheet. That’s why this effective mask material is so expensive. If you are busy and do not have time to apply face masks every day, bio-cellulose is perfect for you. With once a week of applications, you can achieve better results than daily applications of cheap masks. Think of bio-cellulose masks as a deep facial treatment, and use it once to twice a week to treat yourself!